G20 Summit-2019 in Osaka,Japan.
What is G20 Summit all about?
Groupe of twenty (G20)it is basically an international forum which is been attended by the governement personal and central bank governor from 19 different country all across the european union.
This summit was formed on 26th September 1999 and the maintain aim was to discuss on the policy that may lead in promoting the international financial stability,but in the later 2008 theagenda of G20 summit expanded and ever since then the heads of government or heads of state, as well as finance ministers and foreign ministers, started attending the conference.
The Summit of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, who prepare the leaders’ summit and implement their decisions, was created as a response both to the financial crisis of 2007–2008 and to a growing recognition that key emerging countries were not adequately included in the core of global economic discussion and governance. Additionally, the G20 Summits of heads of state or government were held.
After the summit which was happen in Washington, DC in the year 2008 , Since then the G20 leaders had met twice in a year first then met in London in the year 2009 and then ater again they met in the same yaer at Pittsburgh, and later then the same happen in the year 2010 they again met twice once in Toronto and next in Seoul for the discussion.
Then later in the year 2011 the summit was chaired and hosted by France,since then the G20 summits started happening once in a year. Then 2016 summit was chaired and hosted by China in Hangzhou, 2017 summit happened in Hamburg, Germany and 2018 summit was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
In later March 2014 when the G20 summit which was chaired and hosted by Australia,in that summit the former Australian foreign minister Julie Bishop proposed to ban Russia from the G20 summit over its role in the 2014 Crimean crisis.The BRICS foreign ministers subsequently reminded Bishop that “the custodianship of the G20 belongs to all Member States equally and no one Member State can unilaterally determine its nature and character.”
In the year 2019,G20 summit is been hosted by Japan in Osaka,and this will be the fourteenth meeting of Group of Twenty (G20). It is being held on 28–29 June 2019 at the International Exhibition Center in Osaka.And you can say that this will be the first G20 summit hosted by Japan.
The Global Leader who participated in the G20 Summit in Osaka,Japan is:
⦁ Japan-Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister (host).
⦁ European Union-Donald Tusk, President of the European Council.
⦁ European Union-Jean-Claude Juncker, President of the European Commission.
⦁ India-Narendra Modi, Prime Minister.
⦁ Russia-Vladimir Putin, President.
⦁ United StatesDonald Trump, President.
⦁ Argentina-Mauricio Macri, President.
⦁ Australia-Scott Morrison, Prime Minister.
⦁ Brazil-Jair Bolsonaro, President.
⦁ Canada-Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister.
⦁ China-Xi Jinping, President.
⦁ France-Emmanuel Macron, President.
⦁ Germany-Angela Merkel, Chancellor.
⦁ Indonesia-Joko Widodo, President.
⦁ Italy-Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister.
⦁ Mexico-Marcelo Ebrard, Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
⦁ Saudi Arabia-Mohammad bin Salman, Crown Prince.
⦁ South Africa-Cyril Ramaphosa, President.
⦁ South Korea-Moon Jae-in, President.
⦁ Turkey-Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, President.
⦁ United Kingdom-Theresa May, Prime Minister.
The Leader who were Invited as a guest in G20 summit is:
⦁ Chile-Sebastián Piñera, President, Chairperson of the APEC.
⦁ Egypt-Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, President, Chairperson of the African Union.
⦁ Netherlands-Mark Rutte, Prime Minister(Guest invitee).
⦁ Senegal-Macky Sall, President, Chairperson of the NEPAD.
⦁ Singapore-Lee Hsien Loong, Prime Minister(Guest invitee).
⦁ Spain-Pedro Sánchez, Prime Minister(Permanent guest invitee).
⦁ Thailand-Prayut Chan-o-cha, Prime Minister, Chairperson of the ASEAN.
⦁ Vietnam-Nguyễn Xuân Phúc, Prime Minister(Guest invitee).
Guest from the International organizations are:
⦁ Asian Development Bank-Takehiko Nakao, President.
⦁ Financial Stability Board-Randal Quarles, President.
⦁ International Monetary Fund -Christine Lagarde, President.
⦁ International Labour Organization-Guy Ryder, Director-General.
⦁ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development-José Ángel Gurría, Secretary-General.
⦁ United Nations-António Guterres, Secretary-General.
⦁ World Bank -David Malpass, President.
⦁ World Health Organization-Tedros Adhanom, Director-General.
⦁ World Trade Organization-Roberto Azevêdo, Director-General.
There are 8 themes that which wil be discussed in this two day summit whihc is held on 28-29 June 2019 in Osaka, Japan.This may Ensure Global Sustainable Development.
Those 8 themes are as follows:
1. Global Economy.
3. Women’s empowerment.
4. Trade and Investment.
8. Enviroment and Energy.
China has threatened to attack G20 nations suspected for “wrongfully” accusing China.The Chinese government want to delist the Hong Kong issue from the G20 summit’s agenda for this year, to avoid possible political and security confrontations between all G20 leaders (from outside China) and China.
Summits that will happen in the later year will be Chired and hosted by these 2 country.
The 2020 Summit will be held in Saudi Arabia and later 2022 summit will be held in India.